According to Berlin — it was thought that all general questions pertaining to mankind were of the same logical type – they were questions of fact. As such, they could be answered. The methods for finding the answers varied widely. But methods could be used, and answers obtained. And thus, man could be perfected by acquiring more perfect knowledge. Knowledge is virtue.
The romantic movement cut this deep root
- values are are not discoverable (derived from investigation)
- values may conflict with other values – there is no way out
- this creates a new set of values
The consequences are that modern folks maintain a dual value system – the classical one and the romantic one. How did this come about? That is next!